prevention of diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti in the Americas a cost-benefit study by Arthur D. Little, Inc.

Cover of: prevention of diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti in the Americas | Arthur D. Little, Inc.

Published by Arthur D. Little, Inc. in Cambridge, Mass .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Aedes aegypti -- Control -- America -- Cost effectiveness.,
  • Arbovirus infections -- America -- Prevention -- Cost effectiveness.,
  • Aedes.,
  • Mosquito Control.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementreport prepared for the Pan American Health Organization.
ContributionsPan American Health Organization.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 175 p. :
Number of Pages175
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16014366M

Download prevention of diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti in the Americas

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Aedes aegypti. Aedes aegypti is a known vector of several viruses including yellow fever virus, dengue virus chikungunya virus and Zika virus. Aedes triseriatus.

A North American invasive mosquito. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the primary vectors for dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika viruses. Taken together, these viruses account for almost million cases of mosquito-borne disease per year. Globally, dengue is the most important mosquito-borne viral disease.

Zika virus is primarily transmitted by the Aedes species of mosquito which is also responsible for the spread of dengue, Chikungunya and yellow fever most areas, the primary vector of these viruses is Aedes aegypti, with Aedes albopictus a proven or potential vector in some -implemented vector control against Aedes using existing tools effectively reduces the.

A study has shown that the use of a specialized drone, developed by IAEA and partners, to release tens of thousands of male mosquitoes, sterilized by using radiation, is effective: many of the sterilized males mate with females, who then produce no offspring, reducing the mosquito population over time.

The drones are cheaper than manual ground releases, and cover a much wider area, leading to. Objectives. The objective of this study was to map the global risk of the major arboviral diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus by identifying areas where the diseases are reported, either through active transmission or travel-related outbreaks, as well as areas where the diseases are not currently reported but are nonetheless suitable for the vector.

further disease spread. INTRODUCTION Dengue is a disease caused by dengue virus serotypes 1 to 4 (DENV-1 to DENV-4) generally transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.1 Most dengue infections are asymptomatic; how-ever, when symptomatic, the vi rus can cause mild dengue fever (DF), or more severe forms of the disease, including dengue.

Some Mosquitoes Spread Germs. Only some types of mosquitoes can spread germs (viruses and parasites) to people and animals. West Nile virus is one of the most common mosquito-borne diseases in the continental United States. Dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus outbreaks have occurred in US states and territories, including Florida, Hawaii, Texas.

The ever-increasing geographical spread and rising disease incidence of arboviral (arthropod-borne virus) infections are among the most significant public health concerns in the Americas. 1,2 In addition to the reemergence of dengue virus (DENV) and yellow fever virus (YFV), new arboviral pathogens once confined to specific regions of the world, such as chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus.

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have the potential to transmit several viruses, including dengue, chikungunya, Zika, and yellow fever.

None of these viruses are currently known to be transmitted within California, but thousands of people are infected with these viruses in other parts of the world, including in Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia.

One Disease Mosquitoes Don't Spread: Coronavirus. J Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus-- and The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has.

2. Zika and climate change. Zika is an infectious disease, spread mainly by Aedes mosquitoes (World Health Organization, ).The same species of mosquitoes that transmits Zika also spreads dengue and chikungunya (World Health Organization, ).Although Zika, dengue, and chikungunya share similar initial symptoms, they have different complications (World Health.

11 hours ago  Mayaro virus (MAYV), a sylvatic arbovirus belonging to the Togaviridae family and Alphavirus genus, is responsible for an increasing number of outbreaks in several countries of Central and South America.

Despite Haemagogus janthinomys being identified as the main vector of MAYV, laboratory studies have already demonstrated the competence of Aedes aegypti to transmit MAYV. Uncontrolled dengue epidemics are bad, but in Chikungunya infections appeared in the Americas, followed in April by Zika virus infection.

All these diseases are spread by Aedes aegypti, and complete failures of non-insecticidal approaches to Aedes aegypti control ensure the continued spread of those diseases.

ABSTRACT. Diseases caused by viruses such as dengue, chikungunya and zika are mosquito-borne diseases transmitted by Aedes performed a cross-sectional study of healthcare personnel and the general population using questionnaires to identify the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices, and risk perception for dengue, chikungunya and zika.

Geographic distribution of Aedes aegypti in the Americas, s,and Figure 5. Global distribution of Aedes aegypti and of epidemic dengue, Figure 6. Major urban centers of South America recently infested with Aedes aegypti and at high risk for imported yellow fever.

Tables. Table 1. Successful vector-borne disease. La Crosse virus is spread to humans by the tree-hole mosquito, Aedes triseriatus.

Jamestown Canyon virus is likely spread by several different species of Aedes mosquitoes in Minnesota. Mosquito species such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are associated with warmer climates and are not currently established in this state.

Introduction. Each year, more than million people are affected by dengue [].The main vector of the disease is Aedes aegypti, found ubiquitously throughout Jamaica and the wider Caribbean [2, 3].The circulation of all four dengue serotypes in the region [4, 5], reports of increased dengue cases [6, 7], the recent introduction of other Aedes-borne diseases, such as chikungunya and Zika.

The global burden of dengue: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study Lancet Infect Dis. Jun;16(6)– Tomashek KM, Margolis HS.

Dengue: a potential transfusion-transmitted disease. Transfusion. Aug;51(8)– World Health Organization. Dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is a mosquito that can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever viruses, and other disease agents.

The mosquito can be recognized by white markings on its legs and a marking in the form of a lyre on the upper surface of its mosquito originated in Africa, but is now found in tropical, subtropical and temperate. Aedes, genus of more than species of mosquitoes (order Diptera), some members of which are serious biting nuisances and vectors of disease, sometimes transmitting potentially deadly pathogens (disease-causing organisms) to humans and other different species of Aedes mosquitoes are native to temperate and tropical habitats worldwide.

Some species, however, have spread. Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Aegypti-borne Disease Control in the s: Top Down or Bottom Up Duane J. Gubler 49th Franklin Craig Lecture delivered before the American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, Washington, DC 12/7/88 Publication date: 01/01/ 1: Review: Chikungunya: Its History in Africa and Asia and Its Spread to New Regions in Zeller, Herve / Van Bortel, Wim / Sudre, Bertrand.

Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Solna, Sweden. J Infect Dis Pubmed # ABSTRACT: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes. Prevention & control of mosquito-borne diseases - repellants - surveillance - emerging athropod-borne disease - spread by mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti) Arthropod-borne encephalitides - group A arboviruses (Toga, Alpha) - lot of immigrants from mainly Mexico and other Central American countries are infected with T.

cruzi. The mosquito species that transmit this disease are the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus) and the Yellow Fever Mosquito (Aedes aegypti). Genetically, it appears that viral strain currently spreading throughout the Americas is more easily transmitted by Ae.

aegypti. The transmission of Zika virus is predominantly mosquito-borne, and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes serve as a key vector for Zika virus3. Here, to identify salivary factors that modulate mosquito-borne Zika virus infection, we focused on antigenic proteins in mice that were repeatedly bitten by mosquitoes and developed antibodies against salivary.

ABSTRACT: The global population at risk from mosquito-borne diseases-including dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya and Zika-is expanding in concert with changes in the distribution of two key vectors: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.

The distribution of these species is largely driven by both human movement and the presence of suitable climate.

Summertime is approaching, which means mosquito season is upon us. As the weather gets warmer, we can expect to see an increase in the population of one of the main mosquito species transmitting the Zika virus throughout the U.S—Aedes help understand the range and areas most likely to be impacted by Zika, NACCHO created several maps depicting the recorded distribution of Aedes.

Aedes aegypti is the principal mosquito vector of several arboviruses, including yellow fever, chikungunya, dengue, and Zika (Scott and Takken, ). This mosquito alone places roughly half of the world's population at risk of acquiring vector-borne diseases while causing an estimated million dengue infections annually (Bhatt et al., ).

Aedes aegypti mosquito. Source: Ohio Department of Health As communities ward off mosquitoes this summer with layers of bug spray and citronella candles, researchers funded by the NOAA Climate Program Office’s International Research and Applications Project have launched a new monitoring and forecasting system to help prevent diseases carried by those pesky insects.

Currently, more than half of the world’s population lives in tropical and subtropical areas where the Aedes aegypti mosquito lives and breeds. A new study published in Nature Microbiology, which focused on dengue, estimated that an additional billion people will be at risk of dengue inadding to the billion at risk in Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne disease that is spread to humans through the bites of infected Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, both of which bite aggressively during the daytime.

Our scientists breed and study Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes at the Institute of Insect Science for Family Health to develop tips and products that can help you protect your family and.

J - by Alison. A unique approach to predicting the future spread of Aedes. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are spreading across the globe, increasing the number of people at risk from mosquito-borne diseases, including dengue. Their expansion is.

A book about Aedes aegypti mosquitoes is seen next to larvae in a laboratory conducting research on preventing the spread of the Zika virus and other mosquito-borne diseases, at the Ministry of.

The Aedes aegypti mosquito was a problem long before anyone had even heard of Zika because it also transmits dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.

The idea behind the Summit was to explore ways for the international community of entomologists to better control mosquito-borne diseases in the Americas and around the world.

The transmission of Zika virus is predominantly mosquito-borne, and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes serve as a key vector for Zika virus 3. Here, to identify salivary factors that modulate mosquito-borne Zika virus infection, we focused on antigenic proteins in mice that were repeatedly bitten by mosquitoes and developed antibodies against salivary.

As ZIKV spread throughout the Americas, more severe manifestations were noted, including Guillain-Barre syndrome and microcephaly in neonates [6–8]. Aedes aegypti is the primary vector of ZIKV globally [9–11].

At present, the majority of ZIKV vector competence work in Ae. aegypti has been conducted at temperatures between 26–28°C [11–16]. The Centers for Disease and Prevention Control (CDC) although it has been linked with a rise of microcephaly birth defect cases in Latin American countries where the disease has spread.

The two species of mosquito that spread Zika are the Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. These mosquitoes also spread dengue and chikungunya.

Aedes aegypti, the mosquito that spreads dengue, is most prevalent in cities, and experts warn that increased urbanization and warming temperatures due.

Zika is a disease that is spread by mosquitoes, right now, the nearest vaccine is entering Phase II clinical trials, and so it is going to be several years before a vaccine is available.

Find Aedes Aegypti Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Aedes Aegypti and see latest updates, news, information from Explore more on Aedes Aegypti. The Council therefore adopted a resolution (CDR11) urging the Member Governments (a) to collaborate in the definition of the general guidelines for a hemispheric plan to expand and intensify efforts to combat Aedes aegypti with a view to its eventual eradication in the Americas through persistent country-level efforts; (b) to prepare.

Chikungunya is an illness spread by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Cases of chikungunya in Wisconsin residents occur in people who have traveled to countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Caribbean, and the Americas. Chikungunya virus is very rarely spread in the U.S., however, there are a few small areas where.Dengue (DENV) and other diseases transmitted by Ae.

aegypti, such as Chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) affect countries with more than 4 billion people at risk of these diseases worldwide. The year witnessed an unprecedented dengue outbreak in many countries of the Americas, with more than million cases reported, includ

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